Hosting or web hosting is a term used to define the housing or maintaining of files for various websites by providing space on the server to be leased or owned for use by companies called web hosts. They also provide fast internet connection in a data center.
Web hosting allows personal or business websites to be accessed via the world wide web.
Web hosts provide data center storage space and internet connectivity to other servers located in their data center. This phenomenon is termed as collocation.
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Types of Web Hosting:
The Web hosting scope varies widely.
Free Web Hosting: A number of hosting companies offer their clients free space for a small website for small-scale file hosting which is very basic. Files here easily uploaded via File Transfer Protocol or any other web interface.
Virtual Hosting or Virtual Dedicated Server: This basically refers to each website having its own domain name and email addresses. Hosting companies provide a transparent service by letting you have your own virtual server, showing that you are having control on a server that is completely dedicated to your site.
Shared Web Hosting: It is like many websites sharing the same server, varying between a few hundreds to thousands. Normally, all web domains in this case share the same pool of server resources like RAM and CPU. This type of service doesn’t have many available features, it is quite basic and is not much flexible in terms of softwares and updates.
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Reseller Web Hosting: In this type of the web hosting the clients themselves become web hosts. Resellers sell the shared web hosting, and many web hosts have reseller accounts in order to provide hosting for clients. Reseller accounts may vary in size and may have their own virtual server or a collocated server. Many resellers provide the technical support themselves.
Dedicated Hosting Service: The client in this service gets its own server but doesn’t have a full control over it. The client doesn’t own the server but can access the server. The client has full administrative access to the server, for example, the root user accesses Linux server or administrator accesses the Windows server. The client is solely responsible for the security and maintenance of its own dedicated server.
Collocated Server Hosting: It is quite similar to the dedicated hosting service, except that the user owns the collocated server and web hosts just provide the server space and maintains the server. It is a quite expensive web hosting service and the most powerful one too. The client has his own administrator visit the data center on site to do any hardware modification or upgrade.
Managed Hosting Service (Types of Web Hosting): In this case, the subscriber gets his or her own server, but doesn’t have full control over it. They cannot access the server via root in case of Linux or administrator in case of Windows. Only they can do is manage their data via File Transfer Protocol. The subscriber doesn’t have full control over the server so as to ensure the quality of service by reducing the risk of server modification creating configuration problems.
Cloud Hosting: A cloud-hosted website is one which other computers in the cloud network will compensate when any single piece of hardware goes down. So, cloud hosting platform is the most reliable, powerful hosting in terms of clustered load balanced servers. Any disruptions like power failure, natural disasters doesn’t affect the cloud hosted sites. Providers of cloud hosting platform only charge subscribers only for resources consumed by them. Since cloud hosting is decentralized, subscribers are unaware of the server location which aids in data security and privacy concerns.
Clustered Hosting: This has multiple servers hosting the same content to get multiple benefits like mass management of clients by web hosts. Clustered servers are an effective solution for high-availability dedicated hosting or creating reliable web hosting.
Grid Hosting: It is a type of web hosting which is distributed and where a server cluster has multiple nodes and looks like a grid.
Home Server: It is a private server, usually a single machine at a private location. It can be used to host more than one website having a consumer grade internet connectivity like broadband.
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